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e-ased.org, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.60-77, 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5635/ASED.2020.36.1.055

Mycophagous Gall Midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Korea: Newly Recorded Species with Discussion on Four Years of Taxonomic Inventory

Daseul Ham1, Mathias Jaschhof 2, Yeon Jae Bae3,*

Affiliation: 1Korean Entomological Institute, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea 2Station Linné, Ölands Skogsby 161, SE-38693 Färjestaden, Sweden 3Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea

Abstract: Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) consists of six subfamilies, which are divided into three groups according to larval ecological habits (phytophagous, mycophagous, and zoophagous). The five basal subfamilies of Cecidomyiidae consist entirely of mycophagous species, with approximately 1500 species described worldwide and 29 previously known to occur in Korea. In this study, 37 named species (1 Lestremiinae, 29 Micromyinae, 4 Winnertziinae, and 3 Porricondylinae species) are newly reported from South Korea. We excluded Lestremia yasukunii Shinji from the list of Korean mycophagous cecidomyiids as it is a nomen nudum. Therefore, we herein officially recognize 65 species, 30 genera, and four subfamilies for the Korean mycophagous cecidomyiid fauna. We also provide diagnoses and photographs to aid species identification and discussion on the four years of gall midge taxonomic inventory in South Korea.

Keyword: Cecidomyiidae species new to Korea, taxonomic diagnosis, gall-midge taxonomy, insect identification, Korean gall-midge fauna, Korean indigenous species survey